To understand the the Declaration of Independence and the thinking of those that participated in the drafting of the Constitution you have to have a concept founded in the context of the their shared understanding the salient historic events that shaped political philosophic thinking of their time. I would suggest that one key to the understanding of their thinking would be in the understanding of of the analog to their quest for separation from the English monarchy lies in an understanding of the English Civil War, it being a rejection of Monarchy and the notion that the King was God’s appointed earthly representative for unquestioned rule. The English Civil War was an evolutionary progression that established the underpinnings of shifting ruling authority of a King appointed by God to that of governance by the consent of the Governed. Reading the Grand Remonstrance created by John Pym listing the grievances attributed to Charles I, the document that became match that lit the fuse for the conflict that follows, read in structure very closely to that of the Declaration of Independence. Even phrases, often thought by many to originate from political philosophers like John Locke who wrote after the conclusion of the war, such as the suggestion ‘all men are created equal’ were derived from other, such as John Lilburn who popularized the notion of the rights of ‘free born citizens’, of which the notions of individual liberty, equality, and others protected by the later draft of the Bill of Rights. For those that struggle with how could the Founding Fathers advocating all men being equal while being ok with the institution of slavery, consider, their thinking would have been shaped by Lilburn’s assertion that it was all ‘free born citizens’ that fell under his notion of equality of men, and slaves were neither considered free born, or citizens, or men for that matter... they were property assets. Even some of the grievances list in the Grand Remonstrance were similar to those of the Declaration of Independence, such as those referencing taxation, arbitrary punishments for arbitrary laws, and forced quartering of soldiers. Some of the the concepts the founding fathers found resonated with them were products of the struggle between parliament and King Charles I, something that most of the founding fathers were but a single generation of the events and also contemporary to the political philosophers who penned their ideas in the wake of the successful revolution in governance in England in the mid 1600’s. Ideas of individual liberties, right to trial by peers, democracy, concerns of tyranny both by a king and then latter by parliament when they achieved power. Even the concepts surrounding the idea of a militia were forged at the time when the 1641 Militia law was passed to essentially function to remove the King’s military authority, along with the notion of an informal militia derived from armed citizens as a counter to tyranny which was exemplified by the one that arose in defense of London from the King’s military threat in early 1642. In the wake of the civil war, Parliament seized power and became an instrument of tyranny in its own right, something noted by the French philosopher, Montesquieu, who understood the danger, and developed the theory of the separation of power in the few years just before the Constitution’s drafting that was borrowed by the Founding Fathers in their prescription for a governing framework. The idea of the divine source of the rights of man can be seen from the perspective of a few things. To challenge the supposed divine right to legitimize a monarchy’s authority, a vehicle was needed to counter that premise by grounding John Lilburn’s assertion of the equality and rights of man with equal divine authority. Then too, given the time, few outside the circles of the rich or the clergy could afford the education and books to understand the philosophies, principles, and concepts that were being proffered to galvanize colonists to cause beyond the discourse of taverns. At the time, churches and the clergy were one of the main forums for shared community news and interpretation of such ideas the founding fathers were crafting, so linking concepts and their justifications with scripture created a natural alliance with the clergy to propagate the words and ideas to build common cause among the distributed communities. Getting people to accept ideas is far easier when those ideas are wrapped in something familiar and understandable.