Wikipedia defines Honor Killing thus, "An honor killing or shame killing is the murder of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators' belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonor upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or religion, usually for reasons such as divorcing or separating from their spouse, refusing to enter an arranged marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by their family, having premartial or extramartial sex, becoming the victim of rape or sexual assault, dressing in ways which are deemed inappropriate, engaging in non-heterosexual relations or renouncing a faith." It has been estimated that there are about two dozen Honor Killings in the USA every year - (Honor killing in America: DOJ report says growing problem is hidden in stats by Hollie McKay) - more precise figures can't be obtained because no one is responsible for keeping a record of them. While some honor killings are carried out by Hindus and sikhs, the great majority - 90% - are carried out by Muslims. What are the differences between honor killings and domestic violence? The victims of domestic violence tend to be adult women abused by husbands or boyfriends. The victims of honor killings tend to be the daughters of Muslim men. In domestic violence, the acts are usually spontaneous and not thought out. Honor killings are usually carefully planned in advance. It is unusual for more than one person to carry out acts of domestic violence. In honor killings the planning often includes other family members - mothers, sisters, brothers, cousins, etc., in addition to the father. Other family members often participate in the killings (though this is less common in the West than in the Middle East). While the perpetrators of domestic violence are often remorseful after their actions, the murderers in honor killings usually feel they have done nothing wrong and very rarely have any regrets. Phyllis Chesler is a retired New York City psychologist and feminist who has lived in Afghanistan. She is the author of a dozen books on women's subjects and is considered an expert on Honor Killings. In an article entitled "Worldwide Trends in Honor Killings," she wrote, "Tempted by Western ideas, desiring to assimilate, and hoping to escape lives of subordination, those girls and women who exercise their option to be Western are killed - at early ages and in particularly gruesome ways. Frightening honor murders may constitute an object lesson to other Muslim girls and women about what may happen to them if they act on the temptation to do more than serve their fathers and brothers as domestic servants, marry their first cousin, and breed as many children as possible. The deaths of females already living in the West may also be intended as lessons for other female immigrants who are expected to lead subordinate and segregated lives amid the temptations and privileges of freedom." The first known Honor Killing in the US occurred in St. Louis, Missouri, on November 6, 1989, when 16-year-old Palestina (Tina) Isa was murdered by her Palestinian father Zein Isa and his Brazilian born wife Maria. Palestina was an honor student, fluent in four languages, who played soccer and tennis at school. She didn't drink, smoke or use drugs, But her parents were angry with her because they found out that she was secretly seeing a black young man and they were virulent racists. Tina wanted to go to college and have a career, while her parents wanted her to marry a Palestinian man and have a family. Tina, her three older sisters, and her mother all worked in Zein's grocery store without pay. Tina wanted a paying job and applied to Wendys. On her first evening of work, she left a note to her parents telling them she had taken a job and would be home afterwords. She had not told them because she knew they would disapprove. Her parents had consulted with her sisterss and Palestinian friends about Tina's Western ways, most of whom said Tina had to be killed to erase the shame her too indepentant ways. Tina returned home from work just before midnight. Her mother held her down on the floor while her father stabbed her thirteen times. Zein gave himself a small cut on one of his hands while stabbing Tina. When the police arrived, he showed them the cut and claimed Tina had gone crazy and tried to kill him, and that he had wrestled the knife away and killed her in self-defense. He suggested that Tina might have been high on drugs when she attacked him (none were found during her autopsy). He claimed Maria was not involved. Zein's defense soon feel apart, however. The FBI had learned that Zein Isa was a member of Abu Nidal's terrorist organization and had bugged his home. The entire murder was caught on tape. The jury heard Tina beg for her life while her mother yelled "Shut up" and her father yelled "Die, My Daughter, Die!" They were both convicted of first degree murder and sentenced to death on December 20, 1991. Zein died from complications of diabetes while on Death Row on Feb. 17, 1997. Maria's sentence was commutted to life and she died in prison on April 30, 2014. The Isa case was examined on an episode of the TV program "Forensic Files." . .