Inspired by Bob, I thought I would lay out a quick time line for the events of that morning. I would appreciate Bob, or any other truther, to point out to me exactly where in this time line a stand down occurred, and what effect did it have? 8:24 - AAL11 hijackers transmit a message to the passengers over the ATC frequency my mistake, stating "we have some planes". Boston ARTCC immediately treat AAL11 as a hijack, relaying information to the ATCSCC in Herdon, VA, and the FAA in Washington. 8:30 - Boston TMU begins calling for military assistance. After several failed calls they get through to Otis ANGB at Cape Cod at 8:34 and ask for assistance. They are informed they will NEADS authorisation, but pilots are called up, told to suit up and expect a call from NEADS any minute. 8:37 - Boston calls NEADS direct, and informs them of the hijackings of AAL11. NEADS is just gearing up for a drill as part of annual Vigilant Guardian exercises, which means most of the ops room is already filled with staff at their stations. The caller confirms with Boston that the event is real world immediately upon receipt, and the staff at NEADS transitions into the real world scenario within a matter of seconds. 8:39 - NEADS calls Otis and places two F-15's, PANTA 45/46, at battlestations, as they begin searching for AAL11 approaching Manhattan. 8:46 - NEADS calls in an active scramble order to PANTA 45/46 as the pilots are on their way to their F-15's. A few seconds later AAL11 impacts the North Tower. 8:52 - PANTA 45/46 get wheels up off the runway and begin burning supersonic towards Manhattan. NEADS as well as the F-15 pilots have no idea the aircraft they are chasing has crashed. Around the same time, New York ARTCC realise they have lost contact with United 175. They also begin getting word that AAL11 has crashed into the WTC. They watch the radar target for UAL175 make a turn and begin heading towards Manhattan, and the controllers begin going through the process of informing the military. 9:03 - PANTA 45/46 begin to hold off Long Island as they are informed a couple of minutes earlier the aircraft they are chasing has crashed. UAL175 crashes into the South Tower just as NEADS is being informed of its possible hijacking. 9:10 - As a precaution, NEADS orders 3 F-16's at Langley to Battlestations. 9:20 - FAA asks American Airlines to confirm whether it was AAL11 which crashed into the WTC. American Airlines are unable to confirm it had crashed. Some at FAA take this to mean that AAL11 is still airborne. They conclude it must be continuing south towards Washington DC. Colin Scoggins from Boston calls NEADS and passes the message. NEADS orders the scramble of the Langley F-16s and directs them to track towards Baltimore-Washington Airport. ~9:22 - Indianapolis ARTCC begin getting word of the events in New York. 20 minutes earlier they had lost all contact with American 77. They assumed it had crashed. They now begin to doubt that initial assumption and pass to the FAA that AAL77 may be hijacked. 9:30 - NEADS is informed that AAL77 is "lost" and is unable to be located. Around the same time Dulles Control starts passing information to Reagan National Airport and the Secrete Service of a fast moving primary target on its radar screens tracking towards the restricted area surrounding the Capital Building and White House. 9:30 - 3 F-16's are airborne from Langley, their callsigns are QUIT 25/26/27 9:34 - NEADS is informed by Colin Scoggins that there is a primary radar target 6 miles south of the White House. Immediately NEADS spots the same target on their radar, and call up the QUIT fighters to burn direct DC. 9:37 - AAL77 crashes into the Pentagon. Meanwhile Cleveland ARTCC is dealing with the hijack of UAL93, and watch it turn towards DC. The FAA is made aware of this hijacking, but the military is not. 10:04 - UAL93 crashes. 10:08 - NEADS is informed that UAL93 has reported a bomb on board and begin trying to track it down. Controllers at Cleveland realise they cannot spot UAL93. They knew it was heading towards DC, so they place a flight plan into the air traffic control system for UAL93 heading from Hagerstown to Reagan National Airport. FAA, Secrete Service, and controllers at DC and Baltimore begin following this projected flight as it progresses at its last known ground speed towards DC. Secrete Service scramble two F-16's airborne out of Andrews to burn towards the North West and fine/intercept UAL93. As the projection gets closer, the secrete service in the PEOC with the vice president are informed by the FAA of the distance and location. This is where Norman Mineta's testimony comes from. About 10:30 - the target for UAL93 arrives at DC. No aircraft is accompanied with it. FAA and Secrete Service are informed of an aircraft crash near Shanksville PA. That is a pretty brief over view of the military response that morning. All information comes from dozens of recordings available to anyone who wants to listen to them. The long and short of it, is that the military just didn't have the time or information to enact a effective defense, and even if they had, the chances they would have shot down a commercial aircraft filled with civilians is almost null. For hijackings prior to 9/11 the military would intercept and follow at a distance, and wait for the aircraft to land and the hijackers to make demands. Never before has a hijacked airliner be rammed into a building, and I very much doubt that without hindsight any of the pilots on 9/11 would have shot down a hijacked aircraft. So, Bob, or other truthers here, where exactly in this time line did a stand down occur? From who? and what effect did it have?