For decades, inspired by habits from the cold war, when America had regarded instability as providing an opportunity for the Soviets to fish in troubled waters, US foreign policy often sought to encourage stability and the status quo against forces that might have upset the apple cart. That all changed with the advent of the neocons and their blue print embodied in the Project for a New American Century: a century that was supposed to usher a period of US-Israeli hegemony in the Middle East and solidify Americas place as the lone superpower against the rise of any emerging powers elsewhere. Never mind that much of this project was, from its beginning, a ruse by ultra-right wing Zionists whose main inspiration was their dream of a Greater Israel, and a scheme by the their military industrial complex allies to siphon off more trillions of dollars into their coffers: the fact is that the essential blue print from the neocons tenure in the Bush administration still shapes and colors American foreign policy. That is because while the neocons might not have been around during the Obama administration, Israel still pushes for the same policies that were once outlined for Netanyahu in the 1990s by the likes of Richard Perle and Douglas Feith in policy papers such as the Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm. And with AIPAC as influential as ever, with its influence felt on both sides of the political isle in Washington and beyond, many of the debates and much of the environment that colors those debates is still under the shadow of the vision and dreams of the neocons. To be sure, not everything (indeed not all that much) unfolded in the way the neocons had imagined or promised and, instead of Pax Americana, we have a Middle East which is a theater of various wars and sub-wars waged by all sorts of powers trying to fill the gap in the power vacuums that have been created. Certainly, Iraq did not become a successful, pro American, democratic oasis to serve as both an example of the advantages of working with the United States, and a reminder of Americas power to dictate its will on those who would be reluctant to follow its lead. Certainly, the so-called 'war against terrorism' did not vanquish the terrorists but instead led to the rise of groups that make Al Queda and Taleban look 'moderate' in comparison. Certainly, Irans wings, whether in Lebanon or in Syria, were not clipped; indeed, the reverse: today, Irans writ extends through much of the region from Afghanistan to Lebanon, and the once distant dreams of Iranian nationalists such as myself of the Persian empire reborn are now closer to reality than ever. In the meantime, if a rising Iran has also spurred the rise of a Sunni coalition led by the Saudis to counter Iran, leaving much of the region a playground in the cold and hot wars being waged between Iran and the Sunni bloc, the rise of a resurgent Russia looking like it will be taking over the role once occupied by the Soviets is not what the neocons had promised either. Far from being a so-called American Century, with the start of the new millennium, the neocons managed to usher forces that have at once ruined the very promise of America from within, strengthening the means and tools to manage public perceptions and control American political actions, while making Americas place and position in the world less certain than ever before. Sure, even in the wake of hundreds of thousands of lives lost in pursuit of these false promises, and millions more whose lives were irrevocably damaged, and the rise of groups like ISIS which have made Al Queda and the Taleban look tame by comparison, there might be a smug feeling of self-satisfaction among the neocons still. Israel, from their perspective, doesnt look any less secure than it would have under the promises of Oslo in the environment of the 1990s, which was what initially led them to draw up their plans. They and their allies have certainly become richer; trillions wasted on these projects havent disappeared into thin air and have instead lined the pockets of the groups and people who are their allies and who can sponsor their continued mischief. And, frankly, it is not often that a small group of so-called intellectuals can leave as much influence in the course of events as these folks have. For sure, for better and, for millions people already (and to possibly become billions of people), certainly for much worse, these neocons have left their mark in history.