Hawaii and trash problem

Discussion in 'Survival and Sustainability' started by delade, Jun 15, 2018.

  1. delade

    delade Banned

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    [​IMG]



    Kamilo itself means ‘whirling, swirling, twisting currents,” Lamson told HuffPost, referencing the area’s consistent onshore winds.

    In just a few months, the Hawaii Wildlife Fund (HWF) collected and hauled away 15,000 pounds of trash, nylon nets and fishing line from Kamilo Beach. The beach was visibly cleaner afterward, as it is usually after HWF’s regular cleanups, but it was unclear how long it would stay like that.

    [​IMG]


    https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entr...est-beach-america_us_58e99a38e4b05413bfe3792d


    Despite the government agency's efforts, Hawaii continues to be plagued by trash, much of it plastic.

    Originally, there was speculation that Japan's devastating 2011 tsunami had brought a wave of debris to Hawaii's islands, but recent results from an aerial survey suggest otherwise.

    This survey was conducted so that these groups could see how big of an impact the Japanese storm had on Hawaii. It turns out the catastrophic storm wasn't the trash culprit.
    "This survey found a very limited amount of debris associated with the Japan tsunami," Suzanne Case, DLNR chairwoman, said in a statement.
    So where is all this garbage coming from?
    "Most of what was mapped is common, everyday items that someone haphazardly tossed onto the ground or directly into the water," Case said.
    In short — it's coming from just about anywhere and everywhere.
    With the way the state is positioned geographically, the ocean's current is carrying massive amounts of plastic waste to Hawaii's coast.
    "These items get caught up in ocean currents and unfortunately much of it eventually lands, mostly on north and east facing shores. Hawaii is recognized around the world for our beautiful beaches. Unfortunately we cannot say they are pristine, because they've been so seriously impacted by our trash," Case added.

    https://www.cnn.com/2016/06/03/us/hawaii-island-trash-problem-irpt/index.html
     
  2. delade

    delade Banned

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    An ocean current is a seasonal directed movement of sea water generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as wind, the Coriolis effect, breaking waves, cabbing, temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon. Depth contours, shoreline configurations, and interactions with other currents influence a current's direction and strength. Ocean currents are primarily horizontal water movements.

    Surface oceanic currents are sometimes wind driven and develop their typical clockwise spirals in the northern hemisphere and counter-clockwise rotation in the southern hemisphere due to imposed wind stresses.

    Deep ocean basins generally have a non-symmetric surface current, in that the eastern equatorward-flowing branch is broad and diffuse whereas the western poleward flowing branch is very narrow. These western boundary currents (of which the Gulf Stream is an example) are a consequence of the rotation of the Earth.


    Deep ocean currents are driven by density and temperature gradients. Thermohaline circulation is also known as the ocean's conveyor belt (which refers to deep ocean density-driven ocean basin currents). These currents, called submarine rivers, flow under the surface of the ocean and are hidden from immediate detection. Where significant vertical movement of ocean currents is observed, this is known as upwelling and downwelling. Deep ocean currents are currently being researched using a fleet of underwater robots called Argo.

    Surface currents make up only 8% of all water in the ocean, are generally restricted to the upper 400 m (1,300 ft) of ocean water, and are separated from lower regions by varying temperatures and salinity which affect the density of the water, which in turn, defines each oceanic region. Because the movement of deep water in ocean basins is caused by density-driven forces and gravity, deep waters sink into deep ocean basins at high latitudes where the temperatures are cold enough to cause the density to increase.


    Ocean currents are important in the study of marine debris, and vice versa.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_current




     
  3. delade

    delade Banned

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    [​IMG]

    upload_2018-6-15_7-28-38.jpeg



    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]


    Tropic of Cancer Lattitude in parallel to

    [​IMG]


    [​IMG]
     
  4. delade

    delade Banned

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    Tijuana....

    Tijuana is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and on the Baja California Peninsula, located at the center of the Tijuana and the international San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan areas. As one of the largest and fastest growing cities of Mexico,[4] Tijuana exerts a strong influence on local economics, education, culture, art, and politics. As the city has become a leading center in the country, so has the surrounding metropolitan area, a major industrial and paramount metropolis in northwestern Mexico. Currently one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in Mexico,[4] Tijuana maintains global city status.[5] As of 2015, the city of Tijuana had a population of 1,641,570.

    Tijuana covers 70% of the municipality but contains over 80% of its population. A dominant manufacturing center of the North American continent, the city maintains facilities of many multinational conglomerate companies.

    -

    A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise[9] is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multinational_corporation

    -

    Tijuana is becoming more suburbanized like San Diego.

    Tijuana has a diverse cosmopolitan population which includes migrants from other parts of Mexico and from all over the world. Tijuana has one of Mexico's largest Asian populations, predominantly consisting of Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese immigrants.

    Many Latin Americans, notable Argentines, Cubans, and Guatemalans, have made Tijuana their home. The city also has many Lebanese, Italian, French, Spanish citizens. Recently, the city has received a large influx of Haitian immigrants

    Tijuana became infamous, especially around the time of WWII, for “donkey shows” in which women were purported to have sex with a donkey.

    -

    Leviticus 18:23 "Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion."

    -

    Twin towns – sister cities

    Tijuana has multiple sister cities and twin towns. These relations have been formalized by a variety of organizations as well as municipal governments. Currently twinned with the City of Tijuana are:


    City Nation Since
    Busan [​IMG] South Korea 1995
    San Diego [​IMG] United States
    La Paz [​IMG] Mexico
    León [​IMG] Mexico
    Mazatlán [​IMG] Mexico
    Panjin [​IMG] Peoples Republic of China
    Havana [​IMG] Cuba
    Cincinnati [​IMG] United States
    Zaragoza [​IMG] Spain
    Medellín [​IMG] Colombia
    Laredo [​IMG] United States
    Słubice [​IMG] Poland 1998
    Frankfurt (Oder) [​IMG] Germany
    Wuhan [​IMG] China 2013


    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tijuana
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  5. delade

    delade Banned

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    Companies that have set up maquiladoras in Tijuana include Lanix, Hyundai, Sony, Vortec, BMW, Vizio, Toyota, Dell, Samsung, Kodak, Matsushita/Panasonic, Bimbo, GE, Nabisco, Ford, Microsoft, Cemex, Zonda, Philips, Pioneer, Airbus, Plantronics, Siemens Mexico, Jaguar, Pall Medical, Tara, Sanyo and Volkswagen. Many of the maquiladoras are located in the Otay Mesa and Florido sections of Tijuana.


    The city's proximity to Southern California and its large, skilled, diverse, and relatively inexpensive workforce make it an attractive city for foreign companies looking to establish extensive industrial parks composed of assembly plants that are called maquiladoras.


    Foreign and domestic companies employ thousands of employees in these plants, usually in assembly-related labor. Such jobs are not demanding but typically offer above average (although not high paying) salaries for Mexico, with most maqiladoras jobs beginning at Mex$100 per day (about 5 US dollars, as of September 2016), significantly above the Mexican minimum wage of Mex$57.46 (about 3 US dollars, as of September 2016).
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  6. delade

    delade Banned

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    Cost of living in Tijuana:

    Food

    Bread for 2 people for 1 day Mex$ 20
    Housing
    Monthly rent for 85 m2 (900 Sqft) furnished accommodation in EXPENSIVE area Mex$ 27,939
    Monthly rent for 85 m2 (900 Sqft) furnished accommodation in NORMAL area Mex$ 7,000

    https://www.expatistan.com/cost-of-living/tijuana


    7,000 Mex$ = 336.95 US dollars?


    1 day of work = 100 Mex$ ?

    You would need 70 days of work to earn 7,000 Mex$.



    Do these maquiladoras really believe that their workers can earn a living while working for them?
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  7. delade

    delade Banned

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    1 day at work and earning 100 Mex$ is enough to purchase bread for 10 persons... and that's about it...
     
  8. delade

    delade Banned

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    Hyundai Motor Co (OTC Pink - Current Information:HYMTF)

    Hyundai Motor Co - (OTC Pink - Current Information:HYMTF)

    40.80
    Delayed Data
    As of Jun 14

    0.00 / 0.00%
    Today’s Change

    -8.11%
    Year-to-Date


    Revenue and Income:
    2017
    Net Revenues: 84.9 B


    Total Operating Expenses:
    2017
    80.8 B

    http://money.cnn.com/quote/financials/financials.html?symb=HYMTF


    4.1 B difference:


    4.1 is 4.829210836278% of 84.9


    0.04 cent(s), roughly, for every 100 cent(s).

     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  9. delade

    delade Banned

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    Revenue: $24.7 billion non-GAAP
    Operating Income: $7.0 billion non-GAAP
    Net Income: $7.7 billion non-GAAP


    revenue + operating income = 31.7 b

    7.7 is 24.290220820189% of 31.7

    or approximately .024 cent(s) for every 100 cent(s).
     
  10. delade

    delade Banned

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    Difference of 100 and 325 are 105.88235294118%


    Total cost of production to sale price mark up of 105.882 %.

    $100 and $325, respectively
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  11. delade

    delade Banned

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    How does a company earn profits if not for profit 'percentage' mark ups?

    A shirt at direct purchase cost of 50 dollars while allowing for the manufacturer to earn his/her wage of living...

    for the purchaser....

    with a percentage mark up of 15 percent... would mean that the shirt cost... $7.50 to produce.

    With 'gratuity costs' to pay for employees, included...


    For a $100 dollar shirt with the same percentage mark up would mean that the shirt cost 15 dollars to produce.


    With 'gratuity costs' to pay for employees, included in bill.

    The term 'operating income' can fall into this category; of gratuity costs included.


    'Service' is offered gratuitously and so therefore should be compensated with 'thanks'.


    It is not their DUTY to provide for [these] services. It is their 'hospitality'.
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  12. delade

    delade Banned

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    Living off a 150 dollar a month pay check when the rent is around 340 dollars a month.. How can they do it?
     
  13. delade

    delade Banned

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    upload_2018-6-15_9-25-40.jpeg

    PHOTOS ABOVE: Cesar Corona, who is addicted to heroin and methamphetamine, shoots up near “El Bordo,” a gathering point for drug users in Tijuana. After years of supplying the American market, Mexican cartels are increasingly selling drugs domestically, fueling record levels of violence. Mexicans abuse illegal narcotics for different reasons: Corona was trying to forget his mother’s suicide. A Tijuana teen, Mildred Barreras Godoy, said she slid into a meth habit because the drug was so readily available.

    The drug abuse that has become a defining feature of American life is increasingly emerging in Mexico as well, posing a daunting challenge for health officials and feeding the country’s soaring violence.


    While rates of drug use here remain far below those of the United States, the percentage of Mexican men between 12 and 65 who have used illegal drugs nearly doubled over the past decade (to 15.8 percent) while the percentage of women more than doubled (to 4.3 percent), according to the latest national survey.

    The current drug crisis, however, extends far beyond tourist revelry, as methamphetamines have flooded the neighborhoods that house workers in the city’s booming factories.

    https://www.washingtonpost.com/grap...c-is-now-hitting-home/?utm_term=.d0ec1c774f4e
     
  14. delade

    delade Banned

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  15. delade

    delade Banned

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    Overall Depression Anxiety Alcohol & Drug Use

    China
    India
    U.S.
    Russia
    Brazil
    Indonesia
    Pakistan
    Bangladesh
    Nigeria
    Germany

    https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2016-09-14/the-10-most-depressed-countries



    These are diagnosed cases of mental disturbances... There are many that are not diagnosed.


    And remember that to think that along with 'drug use' mental disturbances will NOT arise is dangerous and false.


    Defending those who are in 'denial' is just as dangerous as 'defending' those who are serial rapists...

    If you think 'defending' the mentally disturbed is the nicer thing to do, then maybe making some policies in defense of serial criminals who seem as if they 'just can't stop' should become a public knowledge so those who do not want to participate in those loose rehabilitative ways can relocate or seek some other assistance for their own personal and loved ones' welfare. To associate yourself with such mentally disturbed is to, somewhat, become as they are.


    Mental Health facilities and Mental Health facilitators are trained in dealing with those with mental disturbances to help them properly rehabilitate into societal living.


    Such facilities and facilitators are usually State funded and State employed.


    A prime example of a mentally disturbed person is one who cannot say the Name of Jesus without foaming from the mouth. They can't even just say His Name.

    Try and attempt to share the Gospel of Christ to them and you might begin seeing them looking for rocks to throw at you. Everyday persons hanging out... Stop and try to talk with them about Jesus and this is what sometimes becomes.

    We've already seen it happen in State verses Church ideas even though the present ideas are false and way off track from its meaning.


    Add their 'vibe' when they are high and seeking to destroy you and get that vibe transmitted to you. Drugs produce much stronger 'hate' vibes than non drug 'vibes'.


    They seek attention and give off attention... Not always positive unless a person wants to 'defend' their way.
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  16. delade

    delade Banned

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    [​IMG]



    U.S. IS FIRST FOR AMPHETAMINE-TYPE STIMULANT USE



    CANNABIS USE: AMERICA PULLS AHEAD

    [​IMG]

    COMPARING COCAINE USE

    [​IMG]


    RAMPANT OPIOID USE IN THE U.S.
    [​IMG]
     
  17. delade

    delade Banned

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    A LOOK AT DRUG-RELATED ARRESTS


    [​IMG]


    YEARLY DRUG OVERDOSE DEATHS BY NATION

    [​IMG]
     
  18. delade

    delade Banned

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    NATIONAL AVAILABILITY OF SUBSTANCE USE TREATMENT FACILITIES


    [​IMG]
     
  19. delade

    delade Banned

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    In other words, it is up to the Leaders, the Law Enforcers, The Safe Keepers, The Law abiders to keep themselves and others safe and in well order. It is not up to residents who are trying to live off their minimum wage.


    Do you really believe that paid professionals do not engage in drug activity? Some use before going into work. Some use before appearing in Court. Some use while driving. Some use for recreation.. And keep in mind... not everybody needs to have the same kind of 'fun' as you might think. Some have fun spreading rumors for no reason whatsoever.. have you read of 'fake news'?

    Do you really believe that top Corporations are upright and dutiful?

    Then how can such top Companies pay squander in Tijuana for a person to not even be able to live off of but needing to work as every other US citizen?
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  20. delade

    delade Banned

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    Woman tries to open plane cabin door during flight, while shouting 'I am God, I am God'

    Passengers on a US flight were forced to wrestle a woman to the ground after she tried to open the cabin door mid-flight, while repeatedly yelling “I am God”.

    The pilot came on the loudspeaker and asked those on the San Francisco to Boise, Idaho, flight to stop the woman from opening the door “at all costs,” passenger Danny Torres told a local news station.

    "She got up from her seat, started screaming, ran straight to the door and tried opening it...She kept screaming over and over again, 'I am God, I am God,’” Mr Torres told KVTB News.

    https://www.independent.co.uk/news/...kywest-san-francisco-passengers-a8244171.html


    There are 2 possible explanations:

    1: This lady was on or has been on some kind of brain damaging drug.
    2: This lady was surrounded by others who was on or has been on some kind of brain damaging drug.


    -

    The pilot came on the loudspeaker and asked those on the San Francisco to Boise, Idaho, flight to stop the woman from opening the door “at all costs,” passenger Danny Torres told a local news station.


    what the heck? The pilot gets on his loud speaker??? 'at all costs'? like.. as in.... please do not allow her to open the door? at all costs... as if the passengers are naive to this?



    'dear.. i think she wants some fresh air'.
    'the pilot gave strict orders to prevent her from getting fresh air. sorry.'
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  21. delade

    delade Banned

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    Allow me to ask you a question...

    Do you believe that my thoughts can sway your thinking? If so, are you suggesting that your thoughts are too unfocused?


    Of course my thoughts cannot effect your thinking. My words and actions might.. But my thoughts cannot.

    My 'intention' might. Have you ever felt that someone was 'dangerous'? That was your 'gut feeling'.

    Where do those 'gut feelings' come from? Maybe those 'vibes' which another person sends off.

    Can I persuade you into feeling something that you do not feel.. As in.. 'look at it from my perspective'... type of thing... Well first off. do they even know one another? Have they NOT spent enough time together to share with each other enough to get an idea of what each other is like?

    So how would a stranger get you into 'seeing or feeling' things their way? How can a stranger persuade you into stopping your time and spending much of your time in trying to see and feel things their way? is there nothing else that can be done with that time than to sit around thinking or feeling what the other person might have meant?


    Example:

    'I traveled to Hawaii and I was approached by a street evangelist. He was trying to convert me into accepting their deity Lono as my personal Lord and Savior. I tried to listen to what he had to say but he seemed to have gotten distraught when I began to ask questions which would have allowed me to make a personal choice. I mean, isn't God, God? Why couldn't this 'lono' deity be God? So I tried to listen but for some reason he got very upset that I was unknowing about this 'Lono' he was trying to share with me. I ended up with him following me all around town for that day when I was trying to get away. It was a frightening experience. On this escape road I was on, I came across another very interesting fact. The residents on Hawaii like to say that the Aina was their home land. And I'm sure since they were part of the indigenous, or at least born and raised, that Hawaii could be considered their 'home' land. However, the word Aina came up for discussion with the cab driver and he relayed to me that the word Aina is not used to describe and Island. He told me that the Hawaiian word for 'island' was Moku. So I thought. okay.. So the word for island is Moku. Then what did Aina mean? He told me that 'Aina was personal property, such as home property or owned property. Then i realized what Queen Liliuokalani meant when she said that the Righteousness of the land, or Aina, is perpetuated in Righteousness. She meant that Righteousness begins on the personal property, such as home, and from there that personal property can be perpetuated in Righteousness if that home lives in righteousness. And so that made much more sense than thinking that a land which had much unresolved policies and issues could or even would think of themselves as 'righteous' while their Island was in such wreakage'.
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  22. delade

    delade Banned

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    Queen Liliuokalani was a Christian lady all the way to her last. She accepted Christ into her life and even wrote the first Hawaiian National Anthem which gave Glory to God. That anthem was replaced by her brother's, King Kalakaua. In King Kalakaua's anthem, he gives 'glory' to Hawaii's very first King, King Kamehameha.

    And so to realize that The Queen was referring to personal land, such as home, where parents and family live within/on, made her statement much more acceptable and pleasing to the heart.


    Maybe, if she was alive today, that evangelist could speak to her about 'Lono'. ??

    I mean after all, he stated he was Hawaiian.. He would know more about their past than what is written, right? So maybe spreading the gospel of 'Lono' around is the more 'Hawaiian' heritaged thing to do??

    I don't know if that would be considered 'treason' towards The Queen, though...

    I hear rumors that Queen Liliuokalani became a Baptized Christian for 'Bi Partisan' reasons. After all her work of making Hawaii noted within the International Community, to think that current Hawaii is on a fight to regain Independent Sovereignty is strange. First forward, then back.. Forward then back...

    One can get a concussion living within this.


    [​IMG]



    But honestly... I've never hit a person in the head like this... But I know there are persons who defend those who do....
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  23. delade

    delade Banned

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    The first Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii in 1885. On February 8, 1885, about 900 Japanese immigrants arrived in Hawaii. ... Most of the immigrantsaboard the City of Tokio were single men. They came looking for greater financial opportunities, and quickly found work in Hawaii's enormous sugar cane plantations.

    https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/feb8/japanese-immigrants-arrive-hawaii/



    Queen Liliuokalani (1838-1917) was the last sovereign of the Kamehameha dynasty, which had ruled a unified Hawaiian kingdom since 1810. Born Lydia Kamakaeha, she became crown princess in 1877, after the death of her youngest brother made her the heir apparent to her elder brother, King Kalakaua.

    http://www.history.com/topics/liliuokalani



    How would a race that wasn't on the islands claim they were during Queen Lililuokalani's first part of Reign as Queen?


    Liliʻuokalani born Lydia Liliʻu Loloku Walania Kamakaʻeha; September 2, 1838 – November 11, 1917) was the first queen and last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, ruling from January 29, 1891, until the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi on January 17, 1893. The composer of "Aloha ʻOe" and numerous other works, she wrote her autobiography Hawaiʻi's Story by Hawaiʻi's Queen during her imprisonment following the overthrow.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liliʻuokalani


    Well.. maybe not official Throne Reign but wasn't she was born to become Queen or part of The Royal Family in case something happened to the others in her ruling family? Each child had a role and responsibility in being part of the Royal Ruling Family, right? I mean, they didn't just travel and drink and lounge around waving to everyone... right?


    What would it take to be considered of a certain race besides parental surnames?


    I could have a Chinese last name but not speak a word of Chinese or ever placed foot on Mainland China.. Would that still be enough for myself to be called 'Chinese'?

    not to mention... where did the Native Hawaiians originate onto the Islands from? The first priest to have ever visited the Islands was a Tahitian priest who came to bring gifts and presents... So obviously, the Islanders of that time spoke Tahitian well enough to understand the Priest, right?


    And I don't think it was a Roman Catholic Tahitian Priest...


    Polynesians settled the island of Maui in at least three gradual waves; the earliest possibly from the Marquesas sometime before 450 AD., then others from the Marquesas about 450 AD., and lastly settlers from Tahiti from 700 AD. The Tahitian arrivals introduced the core pieces of Hawaiian traditional culture: language, economic activities, the hereditary class system, land tenure, religion, and customs such as the strict kapu system that affected all aspects of life. Hawaiian oral tradition lists an unbroken chain of twenty-five rulers,,,, (the Moʻi of Maui) beginning with Paumakua the first Ali'i Nui of Maui.

    Maui's oldest known temple enclosures (heiaus) are at Halekiʻi and Pihana from about 1200. The structures were, according to legend, built by the Menehune in a single night from stones on Paukukalo Beach. More likely they began as small structures and were expanded as the prestige of the Wailuku grew. The last additions were thought to have been made by King Kahekili. Pihana, also called Pihanakilani and Piʻihana, was a luakini where human sacrifice was carried out. According to accounts written by outsiders, victims were most often kapu breakers or war captives.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Maui



    A Tahitian priest named Pā‘ao is said to have brought a new order to the islands around 1200. The new order included new laws and a new social structure that separated the people into classes. The aliʻi nui was the king, with his ʻaha kuhina just below them. The aliʻi were the royal nobles with the kahuna (high priest) below them, the makaʻāinana (commoners) next with the kauā below them as the lowest ranking social caste.[8]

    The rulers of the Hawaiian islands (noho aliʻi o ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻAina) are a line of Native Hawaiians who were independent rulers of various subdivisions of the islands of Hawaii. Their genealogy is traced to Hānalaʻanui and others.[9] The aliʻi nui were responsible for making sure the people observed a strict kapu (a code of conduct relating to taboos). The system had rules regarding many aspects of Hawaiian social order, fishing rights and even where women could eat. After the death of Kamehameha I, the system was abolished, and the Hawaiian religion soon fell as the gods were abandoned.[10]

    By 1500 Hawaiians began to spread to the interiors of the islands and religion was more emphasised

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Hawaii
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018
  24. delade

    delade Banned

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  25. delade

    delade Banned

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    Hawaiian is a Polynesian member of the Austronesian language family. It is closely related to other Polynesianlanguages, such as Samoan, Marquesan, Tahitian, Māori, Rapa Nui (the language of Easter Island) and Tongan.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaiian_language


    Proto-Austronesian
    1-*əsa*isa, 2-*duSa, 3-*təlu, 4-*Səpat, 5-*lima, 6-*ənəm, 7-*pitu, 8-*walu, 9-*Siwa, 10-*(sa-)puluq

    Hawaiian
    1-'ole, 2-'e-kahi, 3-'e-lua, 4-'e-kolu, 5-'e-hā, 6-'e-lima, 7-'e-ono, 8-'e-hiku, 9-'e-walu, 10-'e-iwa 'umi

    [​IMG]

    Austronesian languages expansion map. Periods are based on archeological studies, though the association of the archeological record and linguistic reconstructions is disputed.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austronesian_languages
     
    Last edited: Jun 15, 2018

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