The point of this post is not to argue what constitutes "intelligence", or even what methods should be taken to increase intelligence. The method is irrelevant. The distribution is irrelevant. Intelligence exists. Some are more intelligent than others. Some are born geniuses, some are born retarded. Both genetics and environment contribute to human intelligence. As a species we are begging to imbue electronic computers with a modicum of intelligence, and as far as I can tell our ability to do so will only continue to increase. People point to the theoretical limits of physics in terms of processor size as a barrier to Moore's law, but ignore increasingly successful developments in the field of quantum computing. The development of intelligent machines poses a threat to human individuality and liberty that is hard to underplay. As much as we like to believe that we, as individuals, cannot have our actions predicted- this is simply not the case. We scoff at comically poor targeted ads, but the fact that they are able to predict what we want better than random guessing is in and of itself a sign of what is to come. Massive lost of employment is only one side of the issue of machine intelligence. As surveillance becomes cheaper, as networks become faster, and as the cost of computing goes down, our ability to act as individual agents comes under threat. Not because we cannot pretend to act as individuals, but because acting as an individual will become a poorer option than following the suggestions of an algorithm. When an algorithm can predict what you will enjoy watching, what you will enjoy eating, what path of life you will be more likely to be happy in, and who you will be more likely to succeed in a relationship with- that is a fundamental death of liberty. A drowning of individuality in the sea of information. The only way to escape this eventuality is to outpace it. To make humans more intelligent than the machines they can build. To increase the limits of the mind and of human experience beyond the baseline natural evolution has granted us. Whether through genetic engineering, bio-modification, chemical enhancement, or cybernetics- the means are secondary to the ends. By allowing ourselves as a species to stay the same while our technology sprints ahead of us will result in our selves becoming mentally and physically subservient to the machines we create. To become livestock of consumption trapped in a system that can out-think us at every turn. The closing of all frontiers to humanity. Secondarily, if you are of the mind that this idea of liberty is not important to you, and that you are fine with dancing on the strings of a computer if it means a happier existence, then increasing human intelligence is still in your interest. In both the public and private sectors, an increase in human intelligence would benefit the efficiency and output of all fields. Better infrastructure, better equipment, better music, better movies, better games- increasing human intelligence would bear fruit across our society in both the short and long run. It would aid our efforts to come up with alternative energy technology to combat climate change. It would help in developing aerospace technology and increase the chances of asteroid mining. It would increase our ability to practice medicine, extend life, and combat mental illnesses or depression. Even if you are of the mindset that attempting to increase human intelligence is against some natural or divine will, or allergic to the idea that some may become enhanced while others are not, and you want to ignore the potential suffering all the benefits of increasing intelligence could alleviate, then there is still an argument for you. China, a civilization of over a billion, is already pursuing these efforts with both government and private interest. If we do not compete as a civilization and they are successful, we will be the third world of tomorrow. Left behind and eventually colonized by those whom are less morally scrupulous.